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Irritable Bowel Syndrome – Symptoms And Causes

Irritable Bowel Syndrome - Symptoms And Causes

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a common gastrointestinal disorder characterized by a cluster of symptoms that can vary widely among individuals. It affects the large intestine and can cause discomfort, pain, and disruption to bowel habits. While the exact cause of IBS Dubai remains unknown, several factors are believed to contribute to its development.


The symptoms of IBS can manifest differently from person to person, but commonly include:

Abdominal pain or cramping: Individuals with IBS often experience recurrent abdominal pain or cramping, which may vary in intensity and location.

Changes in bowel habits: IBS can cause alterations in bowel habits, such as diarrhea, constipation, or a combination of both. Some individuals may experience alternating bouts of diarrhea and constipation.

Bloating and gas: Excessive gas production and bloating are common symptoms of IBS, contributing to discomfort and distension in the abdomen.

Mucus in the stool: Some people with IBS may notice the presence of mucus in their stool, which can occur alongside other gastrointestinal symptoms.

Bowel urgency: Feelings of urgency or a sudden need to have a bowel movement are common in individuals with IBS, often leading to anxiety and stress.


The exact cause of IBS remains unclear, but several factors may contribute to its development, including:

Abnormal gastrointestinal motility: IBS is associated with irregular contractions of the muscles in the digestive tract, leading to changes in bowel habits and abdominal discomfort.

Intestinal inflammation: Low-grade inflammation in the intestines may play a role in the development of IBS symptoms, although the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood.

Altered gut microbiota: Imbalances in the gut microbiota, the diverse community of microorganisms residing in the intestines, have been implicated in IBS. Disruptions to the balance of beneficial and harmful bacteria may contribute to gastrointestinal symptoms.

Food sensitivities: Certain foods and dietary components, such as gluten, dairy, and FODMAPs (fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols), may trigger or exacerbate symptoms in individuals with IBS.

Psychological factors: Stress, anxiety, and other psychological factors can influence the severity and frequency of IBS symptoms. The gut-brain axis, which involves bidirectional communication between the gut and the brain, plays a significant role in the regulation of gastrointestinal function and may contribute to the development of IBS.